Top stock exchanges in the world
Stock exchanges usually have a crucial role to play in facilitating the selling and buying of different securities like bonds, stocks, and any other financial instruments. With a deeper look into the world of finance and investing, you will realize that these exchanges are the backbone of our global financial system.
In 2023, there are lots of stock exchanges found everywhere in the world. One thing to understand is that some of these stock exchanges are much more influential and larger than others. In this article, we are going to give you the 20 stock exchanges in the world. These ratings are based on the trading volume and market capitalization of each stock exchange.
Read about the best AI Stocks to invest in too.
20 Biggest Stock Exchanges in The World
It doesn’t matter if you are an experienced investor or a complete newbie, the list below should help guide you through the best of the best stock exchanges in the world and what sets them apart from the rest. With this said, what are your 20 largest stock exchanges in the world? Let’s dive in:
20. Bolsas Mercados Exchange:
BME (Bolsas Y Mercados Españoles) is a popular and main stock exchange operator found in Spain. Its headquarter is in Madrid and it was established in 2002. BME operates at four different sub-exchanges which are: Bilbao, Barcelona, Madrid, and Valencia. The stock exchange in Madrid is the largest branch under the BME.
BME has a market capitalization of about 776 billion dollars. It operates several markets aside from the stock market which include the fixed-income market and derivatives market. It also has several innovative services and products like MAB (Mercado Alternativo Bursátil) market for growing companies.
19. Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE) Limited:
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange found in Africa. It is located at Sandton, Johannesburg in South Africa. It is one of the largest stock exchanges in the world and it was founded in 1887. It operates a range of markets that includes: bond, equity, currency, and commodity markets.
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange provides a platform for several investors to sell and buy securities and it is the home of many leading African industries and companies. JSE is regulated by FSCA (Financial Sector Conduct Authority) and it has a capital of over $900 billion.
18. Brasília Bolsa Balcão Exchange:
This is the main stock exchange in Brazil, Sao Paulo and it was created in 1890. This is one of the largest stock exchanges found in the Americas. This stock exchange is run regularly by the Brazilian securities and exchange commission. It has a market capitalization of over $1 trillion and about 500 companies are listed under its exchange.
17. Taiwan Stock Exchange:
The Taiwan Stock Exchange (TWSE) is located in Taipei, Taiwan. It was created in 1961 and it provides a trading platform for securities. The TWSE has undergone a lot of growth and currently has about 900 companies listed under its market. It also had a market capitalization of $1.2 trillion.
16. NASDAQ Nordic Exchange:
The NASDAQ Nordic Exchange is also known as OMX Nordic exchange and it is a group of stock exchanges found in the Baltic and Nordic regions of Europe. The NASDAQ Nordic Exchange is popularly known for its focus on technology and innovation. It has a market capitalization of 1.4 trillion dollars.
15. Korea Exchange:
The Korea Exchange (KRK) is the major and sole securities exchange operator found in South Korea. It is an integration of the Korea Futures Exchange, Korea Stock Exchange, and KOSDAQ Stock Market. It has a market capitalization of $1.5 trillion with over 2,000 listed companies. It is also home to popular companies like Hyundai Motor, Samsung, and LG.
14. The Swiss Exchange:
The primary stock exchange in Switzerland is the Swiss Exchange and it was created in 1850. The equity market (SIX Swiss Exchange) is home to a lot of popular companies like Novartis and Nestle. It has a market capitalization of $1.7 trillion and has a strong and long list of companies.
13. Deutsche Börse Exchange:
Deutsche Börse Exchange is one of the largest stock exchanges in Europe and it is the primary stock exchange found in Germany. It is located in Frankfurt, Germany and it was created in 1993. It has over 2000 listed companies and a daily average trading volume of about $5 billion. The Deutsche Börse Exchange market has a market capitalization of about $1.8 trillion.
12. The Australian Securities Exchange:
The Australian Securities Exchange is commonly known as ASX and is the largest stock exchange in Australia. It has over 2,300 listed companies and a total market capitalization of $2.2 trillion. The stock exchange is dominated by companies in the mining, financial, and healthcare sectors.
11. National Stock Exchange of India:
The National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) is one of the most popular stock exchanges in India. It was created in 1992 and has its headquarters in Mumbai. It provides a platform for securities like bonds, mutual funds, stocks, and derivatives. It has over 2,000 listed companies and a market capitalization of $2.7 trillion.
10. Bombay Stock Exchange:
The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is one of the oldest known stock exchanges in Asia and it’s the first stock exchange founded in India. It was created in 1875 and has its headquarters in Mumbai, India. It has over 5,500 listed companies with a market capitalization of $2.7 trillion.
9. Toronto Stock Exchange:
The Toronto stock exchange (TRX) is the largest in Canada and is the 9th largest in the world in terms of market capitalization. The TSX is owned by the TMX group which also manages the TSX venture exchange which is a program for emerging companies. The Toronto Stock Exchange is home to over 1,600 companies which also include the Royal Bank of Canada and Shopify. It has a market capitalization of over $3 trillion.
8. Shenzhen Stock Exchange:
The Shenzhen Stock Exchange was established in 1990 and is located in the city of Shenzhen, China. It has over 3,000 listed companies with a market capitalization of $7.7 trillion. It focuses on innovation and technology companies, particularly in the field of telecommunications.
7. Hong Kong Stock Exchange:
The Hong Kong Stock Exchange (HKEK) was created in 1891 and is operated and owned by Hong Kong Exchanges and Cleaning Limited (HKEK) group. The HKEK operates on a hybrid model that combines an electronic trading platform and a physical trading floor. It has a long list of companies some of which includes Alibaba, China Mobile, and Tencent Holdings.
6. London Stock Exchange:
The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is one of the most prominent and oldest stock exchanges in the world. The LSE also provides a range of services to aid companies to raise capital, which also includes initial public offerings (IPOs) and secondary offerings. It has over 3,000 listed companies
5. Euronext Stock Exchange:
The Euronext Stock Exchange is a pan-European stock exchange that operates in different countries all across Europe. It was created in Amsterdam from the merging of the Amsterdam, Paris, and Brussels stock exchanges. It has a diverse list of companies with some notable names like Heineken, Airbus, and ING group.
4. The Shanghai Stock Exchange:
The Shanghai Stock Exchange is the largest in Asia and it was established in 1990. It is located in Shanghai, China. It lists companies from a wide range of industries like energy, financial services, technology, real estate, and manufacturing.
3. The Tokyo Exchange:
The Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) is the primary stock exchange in Japan. It was created in 1878 and has its headquarters at Marunouchi, Tokyo. It is home to notable companies like Sony, Toyota, and Softbank.
2. NASDAQ Stock Exchange:
The NASDAQ stock exchange is an American stock exchange that focuses on technology and growth-oriented companies. It was created in 1971 with its headquarters in Times Square, New York City. It has a list of companies from a wide range of industries from financial institutions, to healthcare, technology, and consumer goods. Some of the well-known companies are Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, and Facebook. NASDAQ has a market capitalization of $25 trillion.
1 The NYSE (New York Stock Exchange)
This is the largest stock exchange based on market capitalization. It was created in 1792 and is located on Wall Street, New York, USA. It is home to the world’s largest and most influential companies. It has a market capitalization of $30 trillion and some of the listed companies under NYSE include Coca-cola, ExxonMobil, and JPMorgan Chase.
The above-listed stock exchanges are ranked according to their market capitalization and trading volume in 2023. These exchanges located across the globe vary in size and focus, which helps to give potential investors access to a diverse range of investment opportunities. With continued advancement in technology and innovation, the global stock market is predicted to remain a dynamic place to invest in.